Compiled By Rachel Lower
# | A | B
| C | D | E | F | G | H | I
| J | K | L | M | N | O | P
| Q| R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
2ww - 2 Week Wait, see "Luteal Phase".
Abruptio Placenta - See "Placental Abruption".
ACOG - American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Adhesions - When bodily tissues that are normally separate are bound together, by scar tissue for example.
AF - Aunt Flo, nickname for menstruation.
Afterbirth - The delivery of the placenta and fetal membranes following birth.
AFP - See "Alpha-fetoprotein Test"
Aging Placenta - The placenta towards the end of pregnancy when it becomes less effective in supplying oxygen and nutrients to the baby.
Alpha-fetoprotein Test - A test done with mothers blood or amniotic fluid to check the amount of a certain protein made by the baby.
Alpha Thalassemias - Inherited anemias found mostly among persons of Southeast Asian descent.
Amniocentesis - Procedure in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is drawn from the uterus to detect genetic abnormalities or determine the sex of the baby.
Amniotic Fluid - Fluid that surrounds and protects the baby in the womb.
Amniotic Sac - Sac protecting the baby, providing a fluid environment around the baby in the womb.
Amniotomy - The intentional rupturing of the amniotic sac to induce labor.
Analgesic - Any medication that relieves pain.
Anemia - A condition in which a persons blood has too few red blood cells.
Anencephaly - Defect resulting in the absence of most of the brain and spinal cord.
Anesthesia - A medication that causes unconsciousness or a loss of general sensation.
Anesthesiologist - A specialist that administers anesthetic's to a patient.
Anesthetic - See "Anesthesia".
Anovulation - The absence of ovulation.
Anterior Position - When the babies face lies toward the back of the mother's pelvis.
Antibiotic - A medicine derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections.
Apgar Score - An assessment of the health of a newborn, determined after examination of respiration, heartbeat, muscle tone, skin color and reflexes. Total possible score is ten.
Apnea - Cessation of breathing.
Areola - The circular field of darker skin around the nipple.
Auscultation - Listening to sounds made my internal organs.
Bag Of Waters - See "Membranes".
Basal Body Temperature - Body temperature when first awakened in the morning. Measured with a basal thermometer.
BBT - See "Basal Body Temperature".
BCPS - Birth Control PillS.
BD - Baby Dance, intercourse.
Beta - A blood test to determine whether a woman is pregnant or not.
Beta Thalassemias - Inherited anemias found mostly among persons of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern descent.
BF - BreastFeed or BoyFriend.
BFN - Big Fat Negative, negative pregnancy test result.
BIL - Brother In Law.
Bilirubin - An orange-yellow pigment in bile that in excess causes jaundice.
Birth Defect - A congenital disorder present at birth.
Birthing Center - A facility designed and equipped for women giving birth.
Birthing Room - A room specifically used for labor and birth.
Blastocyst - The rapidly dividing fertilized egg in the uterus.
Blighted Ovum - A fertilized ovum whose development has stopped at an early stage.
Blood Glucose - The amount of sugar absorbed into the blood.
Blood Pressure - The force of blood against the walls of the artery.
Bloody Show - See "Show".
Bonding - Term for the process of parent to newborn interaction that develops attachment.
Bradycardia - Term for a very slow heartbeat.
Breech Position - Term for a baby positioned, at birth, with his or her feet or bottom towards the cervix.
Cafe-au-lait Spots - Term for brown birthmarks.
Candida - A yeast-like fungus.
Caput Succedaneum - The swelling of a baby's scalp during labor.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - A condition where there is a disturbance of median nerve function in the wrist.
CB - Cycle Buddy, friends on the same menstrual cycle day as each other.
CD - Cycle Day, which day of the menstrual cycle a woman is on counted from the first day of her last period.
Cephalopelvic Disproportion - Term for when the baby's head will not fit through the mother's pelvis.
Cervical Incompetence - Term for the condition in which the cervix begins to open before the baby is full term.
Cervical Mucus - The mucus lining of the cervix.
Cervix - The narrow outer end of the uterus.
Cesarean Birth - Delivery by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus.
CF - Cervical Fluid. See "Cervical Mucus".
Chloasma - Brown discoloration of the face caused by hormonal changes.
Chorionic Villus Sampling - A procedure that takes a small sample of the tissue where the placenta joins the uterus to test for chromosome abnormalities.
Chromosome - A threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes.
CL - See "Corpus Luteum".
CM - See "Cervical Mucus".
Colostrum - The first milk secreted after delivery.
Conceive - To become pregnant.
Congenital Disorder - A birth defect.
Contraception - Any method used to prevent pregnancy.
Contraction - The tightening of the uterine muscles.
Contraction Stress Test - A test that measures the fetal heart rate in response to contractions.
Cord - The structure that connects the placenta to the baby's umbilicus, providing oxygen, nutrients, and waste removal.
Cord Compression - A condition that prevents proper blood flow through the umbilical cord.
Cord Prolapse - Term for when the umbilical cord comes through the cervix before the baby.
Corona Radiata - The layer of cells surrounding the egg, in which the sperm have to penetrate.
Corpus Luteum - A progesterone producing structure that grows in the ovary where the egg had been.
CP - See "Cervical Position".
Crowning - Stage of labor where a large part of the babies scalp is visible at the vaginal orifice.
Cystic Fibrosis - A genetic disorder effecting the respiratory and digestive systems. Most common among persons of Northern European descent.
D&C - See "Dilatation and Curettage".
DD - Dear Daughter.
Delivery - The act of delivering a child.
Deoxyribonucleic Acid - A structure that makes up the genetic information that allows cells to duplicate themselves.
DF - Dear Fiancee.
DH - Dear Husband.
Diastolic Pressure - The lowest blood pressure which you reach when you are at rest.
Dilatation and Curettage - Dilating the cervix and scraping the lining of the uterus.
Dilation - The diameter of the cervix.
Dizygotic Twins - See "Fraternal Twins".
Dominant Disorders - Genetic disorders transmitted from parent to child in which a single abnormal gene overrides the normally functioning gene.
Doppler Ultrasound - A listening device that a fetal heartbeat can be heard with.
Down Syndrome - A chromosome abnormality caused by an extra number twenty one chromosome that causes varying degrees of birth defects and mental retardation.
DP - Dancing Partner. See "BD".
DPO - Days Past Ovulation.
DS - Dear Son.
DSD - Dear StepDaughter.
DSS - Dear StepSon.
DTD - Doing The Dance. See "BD".
DW - Dear Wife.
Ductus Arteriosus - An artery that allows blood in the fetus to bypass the lungs until the lungs expand at birth.
Dystocia - A difficult labor due to the abnormal position or size of the baby.
Eclampsia - The convulsions and coma occurring in a pregnant woman with advanced preeclampsia.
Ectopic Pregnancy - A pregnancy that is not in the uterus, usually occurring in the fallopian tube.
EDD - Estimated Due Date or Expected Date of Delivery. See "Due Date".
Edema - A swelling due to excess fluid in body tissue.
Effacement - The gradual thinning, shortening and drawing up of the cervix.
Egg - See "Ovum".
Electronic Fetal Monitor - A machine that records fetal heartbeat and maternal contractions.
Embryo - The fertilized ovum from shortly after fertilization until eight weeks gestation.
Endometriosis - The presence of the mucous membrane lining of the uterus in abnormal places.
Epidural Anesthesia - A procedure used to minimize or eliminate pain in childbirth.
Episiotomy - A surgical procedure to enlarge the vaginal opening.
Estrogen - A hormone important in the regulation of menstruation.
EWCM - Egg White Cervical Mucus. See "Cervical Mucus".
External Version - A doctors attempt to move a baby into a better birthing position.
Failure to Progress - The delay or halt of labor.
Fallopian Tubes - Structures that connect the ovaries to the uterus.
Fertility - Ability to produce offspring.
Fertility Medications - Medications used to aid in conception.
Fetal Blood Sampling - See "Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling".
Fetal Distress - Term referring to when something indicates the baby inside the mother may be in danger.
Fetus - An unborn baby after the first eight weeks of gestation.
Fibroid - Non-malignant tumor in the uterus.
FIL - Father In Law.
Follicles - The sacs in which eggs develop.
Follicle-stimulating Hormone - The hormone that spurs the development of an egg to be released.
Fontanelle - The soft spots on a newborn's head.
Forceps - An instrument resembling a pair tongs used to aid in the delivery of a baby.
Formula - A supplement, replacement to breast milk.
Fraternal Twins - Term referring to twins who are not identical, having developed from two separate eggs.
Fundal Height - The length from the top of the uterus to the pubic bone.
Fundus - The upper portion of the uterus.
General Anesthesia - A procedure to put you asleep for an operation.
Genes - Located in the nucleus of the cell, genes contain hereditary information.
Genetic - Affected or determined by genes.
Genetic Marker - An easily identified bit of DNA.
Genitals - Reproductive organs, usually referring to the external.
Genitalia - See "Genitals"
Gestation - The entire duration of pregnancy, from conception until birth.
Gestational Age - Age of the unborn baby counting from the first day of the last menstrual period.
Gestational Diabetes - Form of diabetes that can develop during pregnancy.
Glucose - A form of sugar used by the body for energy.
Gravida - The number of pregnancies a woman has had.
hCG - See "Human Chorionic Gonadotropin".
Hemophilia - A genetic disorder in which the process of blood clotting is disrupted.
Hemorrhage - The loss of blood or bleeding.
Hemorrhoids - Term for swollen blood vessels in the anus that may cause bleeding.
Hormone - A chemical secretion produced in the body that stimulates or slows down the function of various organs or body systems.
HPT - Home Pregnancy Test.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin - Hormone produced by the placenta.
Human Genome - Term for a persons entire collection of genes.
Hydatidiform Mole - An abnormal growth, instead of a normal embryo, that grows inside the uterus after fertilization.
Hydramnios - Term for an excess of amniotic fluid.
Hyperemesis Gravidarum - Term for excessive vomiting in pregnancy.
Hypertension - Term for high blood pressure or the condition that causes it.
Identical Twins - Term for twins formed from the same egg.
Immune System - The body system that fights foreign invaders such as bacteria.
Incision - The opening a surgeon makes into the body with a scalpel.
Induced - Artificially started labor.
Induction - See "Induced".
Insulin - A hormone produced by the pancreas that enables the body to use glucose properly.
Intestinal Motility - Term for the speed of digestion.
Intraocular Pressure - Term for the pressure of fluid within the eyeball.
Intrauterine Growth Retardation - Term for less that optimal fetal growth due to unfavorable conditions in the uterus.
Intravenous Catheter - A small needle inserted into a vein.
In Vitro Fertilization - The procedure in which an egg and sperm are combined outside the body and then transferred into the mother's womb.
IVF - See "In Vitro Fertilization".
Kegel Exercises - Exercises done to strengthen the muscles that cause urination.
Labor - Term for the periodic contractions which open the cervix and allow birth.
Lactation - The production of breast milk.
Lactation Consultant - A specialist who aids in breastfeeding.
La Leche League - An organization for education and support of breastfeeding mothers.
Lamaze Method - A method of preparation for labor for the reduction of pain and use of medications during birth.
Lanugo - The hair that grows on an unborn baby from about week twenty six.
Laparoscopy - Examination of the inside of the abdomen using a laparoscope.
L&D - Labor and Delivery. See "Labor", "Delivery".
LH - See "Luteinizing Hormone".
Lightening - The repositioning of the baby lower in the pelvis.
Linea Nigra - A line running from the navel to the pubic hair that darkens during pregnancy.
LP - See "Luteal Phase".
Luteal Phase - The time after ovulation before the next menstrual period begins.
Luteinizing Hormone - The hormone that causes an egg to be released from the ovary.
Magnesium Sulfate - A medication used to stop labor.
Malpresentation of the Head - Term for when the unborn baby enters into a position that will not allow the smallest part of the head to come out first.
Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein - See "Alpha-fetoprotein".
MC - Miscarriage.
M/C - Miscarriage.
Meatus - The outer opening of the urethra.
Medical Geneticist - A physician who specializes in genetic disorders.
Membranes - A sac of thin membranes containing amniotic fluid and the unborn baby.
Menstrual Cycle - The monthly changes in a woman's reproductive organs.
Metabolism - The chemical process taking place in cells.
MIL - Mother In Law.
Miscarriage - The spontaneous termination of a pregnancy.
ML - Maternity Leave.
Molding - The temporary reshaping of a baby's skull during a vaginal birth.
Mongolian Spots - Term for grey-blue birthmarks.
Monozygotic Twins - See "Identical Twins".
Morning Sickness - See "Nausea".
Morula - A cluster of thirteen to thirty two cells formed from a fertilized egg about three days after conception on its was to the uterus.
Mucus Plug - A thick plug of mucus that blocks the cervical canal during pregnancy.
Multiple Gestation - Term for more than one baby developing in the womb.
Mutation - A non-inherited genetic disorder resulting from spontaneous alterations of eggs, sperm or embryos.
Nausea - Upset stomach sometimes resulting in vomiting.
Neural Tube - A groove in the unborn baby that develops into the brain, spinal cord, spinal nerves and backbone.
Neural Tube Defect - A birth defect caused by the improper development of the brain or spinal cord.
Non-stress Test - A test to examine the condition of an unborn baby by measuring the heart rate in response to movements in the womb made by the doctor.
O - See "Ovulation".
Obstetrician - A physician who specializes in the care of pregnant women.
O'd - Ovulated. See "Ovulation".
OPK - Ovulation Predictor Kit.
OV - See "Ovulation".
Ovaries - The female reproductive organs that produce eggs and hormones.
Ovulation - The release of an egg from an ovary.
Ovum - An egg.
Oxytocin - A hormone that contributes to the start of labor.
Pap Smear - A test to detect cancer of the cervix.
Patient-controlled Analgesia Pump - A small IV pump used by the patient to inject pain medication as needed.
Pelvic Floor Muscles - A group of muscles at the base of the pelvis.
Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling - A procedure in which blood is drawn from the cord while the baby is still in the womb to test for blood disorders or for rapid chromosome analysis.
Perinatal - The time before, during and immediately after birth.
Perinatologist - An obstetrician that specializes in diagnosis and treatment of problems in pregnancy.
Perineum - The area between the vaginal and anal opening.
PG - Pregnancy or Pregnant.
pH - A measure of the acid or alkaline content of a solution.
Pica - Term for cravings of non-food items during pregnancy.
Pituitary Gland - Gland that produces the hormone that induces milk production.
Placenta - The circular, flat organ that connects the umbilical cord to the uterus.
Placental Abruption - Term for the separation of the placenta from the uterus before labor begins.
Placenta Previa - Term for the abnormal location of the placenta, such as over the cervix.
PNV - Prenatal Vitamin.
Postconception Age - The age of the unborn baby based on the date of conception.
Posterior Position - Term for when the back of the baby's head it faced towards the back of the mother's pelvis.
Post-term Pregnancy - A pregnancy that lasts more that fourty-two weeks.
Preeclampsia - A disease that can occur in pregnancy that causes symptoms like hypertension and swelling.
Pregnancy-induced Hypertension - A condition in pregnancy that causes high blood pressure.
Premature Labor - Term referring to when contractions start before the thirty seventh week of pregnancy.
Premature Rupture of the Membranes - Term referring to the breaking of the amniotic sac before the thirty seventh week of pregnancy.
Prenatal - The time before birth.
Presentation - The part of the baby laying nearest to the cervix.
Preterm Labor - See "Premature Labor".
Progesterone - A hormone that inhibits the uterus from contracting and promotes the growth of blood vessels in the uterine wall.
Prolapsed Cord - See "Cord prolapse".
Prolonged Labor - A labor that lasts over twenty four hours.
Prostaglandin - A hormone involved in the onset of labor.
PUBS - See "Percutaneous Umbilical Blood Sampling".
Pudendal Block - A local anesthetic injected into the vaginal wall.
Quickening - The first time an expectant mother feels fetal movements.
RE - See "Reproductive Endocronolgist".
Recessive Disorders - Genetic disorders transmitted to a child when both parents contribute an altered gene.
Retained Placenta - Term for the failure of the placenta to be delivered within thirty minutes after birth.
Rh Immunoglobulin - A substance that prevents your body from making Rh antibodies so that your baby is not attacked as a foreign invader.
Ripening of the Cervix - The changes of the cervix right before labor begins.
Risk Factor - A term for something that increases the chance of developing a condition or making it worse.
Ruptured Bag Of Water - The breaking of the amniotic sac.
SA - Semen Analysis.
SAHD - Stay At Home Dad.
SAHM - Stay At Home Mom.
SAHP - Stay At Home Parent.
SD - Sperm Donor.
Semen - The white fluid containing sperm.
Show - Blood-tinged mucus discharge from the vagina before and during labor.
Sickle Cell Disease - A genetic disorder mostly occuring in persons of African descent.
SIL - Sister In Law.
Sonogram - See "Ultrasound".
Speculum - An instrument used to aid in the examination of the vagina.
Sperm - The male reproductive cell that joins with an egg to cause pregnancy.
Spina Bifida - A defect in the spine that results in the failure of vertebrae to fuse.
Spinal Block - A procedure in which an anesthetic is injected into the space below the spinal cord.
Spontaneous Abortion - See "Miscarriage".
Station - Indicates the position of the unborn baby by describing how far the head has moved through the pelvis.
Stillbirth - Term for when a baby dies before birth.
Suture - Surgical stitching.
Syringe - Instrument for injecting or withdrawing liquids from the body.
Systolic Pressure - The highest blood pressure produced by the contraction of the heart.
Tachycardia - Term for an excessively fast heartbeat.
Tay-Sachs Disease - A genetic disorder mostly found among persons of Ashkenazi Jews descent.
TCOYF - “Taking Charge of Your Fertility”by Toni Weschler
Teratogens - Term for agents that cause physical defects in a developing unborn baby.
Terbutaline - A medication used to stop contractions.
Tocolytic Medications - Term for medications used to stop labor.
Toxoplasmosis - A disease caused by a parasite found in undercooked meat and in an infected cat's feces.
TR - Tubal Reversal.
Transducer - The device that transmits the sound waves in an ultrasound.
Transient Tachypnea - Term for temporary fast breathing.
Transverse Lie - Term for when an unborn baby lies crossways in the womb before birth.
Trimester - One of the three periods of pregnancy.
TTC - Trying To Conceive.
Tubal Pregnancy - See "Ectopic Pregnancy".
Ultrasound - A procedure using sound waves to see inside the womb.
Umbilical Cord - See "Cord".
Ureters - The pair of tubes that carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder.
Urethra - The tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body.
Uterine Rupture - A tearing of the uterus during pregnancy or labor.
Uterus - The female organ in which an unborn baby develops.
Vacuum-assisted Birth - Term for the use of a vacuum extractor to help deliver the baby.
Vagina - The birth canal.
Vaginal Birth - The delivery of a baby through the birth canal.
Vaginal Birth After Cesarean - The birth of a baby through the birth canal when a cesarean has been done in the past.
Vaginitis - A vaginal infection.
Varicose Veins - Term for protruding, enlarged, blue veins.
VBAC - See "Vaginal Birth After Cesarean".
Vernix Caseosa - A white substance covering the skin of an unborn baby.
WAH - Work At Home.
WOH - Work Out of the Home.
Womb - See "Uterus".
YI - Yeast Infection.
Zygote - The fertilized egg before it begins to divide and grow.
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